Stored Product Pests / Pantry Pests in NYC and Long Island
Stored Product aka Pantry Pests are a large and diverse group of insects and rodents. Few people know how to identify them. Some of them are accidently brought into the structure from a store or through deliveries. Other items become infested when they are store for a very long time.
If you find the same insect again and again, an infestation is taking place and needs immediate attention. Stored Product Pests are most often found in the kitchen or pantry. In warehouses they may be found on pallets in the storage areas prior to export. Some are found in our closets on fabrics such as natural fibers, leather, or fur. Many of these insects feed on dead animals such as mice, rats, birds, and other insects. Recognition of the pest helps narrow down the source of the infestation.
The keys to controlling them is a good integrated pest management program (IPM) within your home or facility. This includes inspections, and regular cleaning practices such as; vacuuming, elevating items off the floor, keeping items away from the walls, keeping items in sealed containers, making sure to following (FIFO) First items In are the First items Out or used, possible dry cleaning of garments, use of monitoring or pheromone traps, and keeping a good monitoring records.
On the professional level, the treatment may consist of simple crack and crevice work with an insect growth regular added to the insecticide to a complete top to bottom treatment of a home using an insecticide, dusts, vacuuming, heat chambers to possibly using fumigation or a vault fumigation chamber. It can quickly add up the greater the infestation.
Here are some basic descriptions of some common Pantry Pests found in New York City and Long Island.
Indian Meal Moths
- It is probably the most important and most common pest of stored products.
- 5/8-3/4" is the length of the adult, with a two-toned wing pattern of tan and copper.
- 1/2" long is the larvae
- Female lays 100-400 eggs during in 1-18 days
- PT 4-Allure is one of the types of the pheromone traps used.
- Infest such items as dried fruits, nuts, chocolate, powdered milk, bird seed, dog food, and a variety of grain products.
- Its distribution is worldwide.
- 1/16-1/8" long.
- Punctures or pits on the elytra arranged in longitudinal lines.
- Larva about 1/16-1/8" long and C shaped.
- Various food sources: spices, drugs, hair, horn, leather, and museum specimens.
- Adults is about 1/16-1/8" long and oval.
- Punctures or pits on elytra irregular or scattered in distribution, not arranged in rows.
- Mature larva about 1/16-1/8" long and C shaped.
- Various foods: paprika, dry dog food, beans, biscuits, chickpeas, cigars, cigarettes, cocoa beans, coffee beans, furniture stuffing, dried fish, fish meal, meat meal, leather, silk, and even insecticides containing pyrethrum.
Confused Flour Beetles
- Adult 1/8" long
- Adults with wings, never observed flying.
- Mature larva 1/8-1/4" long, wiry in appearance.
- Female lay 2-3 eggs per day, up to 500 in her lifetime. She lives 2-3 years.
- They are unable to feed on whole kernels or undamaged grain.
- They feed on: peas, beans, shelled nuts, dried fruits, spices, milk chocolate, drugs, snuff, cayenne pepper, and infest poisoned baits.
Saw-toothed Grain Beetles
- Adult is about 1/8" long.
- Body flattened.
- Has 6 saw-like teeth on each side of the prothorax.
- Mature larva 1/8" long.
- Female lays 45-285 white shiny eggs.
- Adult may live up to 3 years.
- Adults are not known to fly and are not attracted to light.
- Feed on cereals, bread, breakfast foods, macaroni, dried fruits, nuts, sugar, chocolate, dried meats, candy bars, drugs, tobacco, snuff, and many other products.
Merchant Grain Beetles
- Same size and looks like the Sawtooth Grain Beetle.
- The difference is the adults can fly and are attracted to light.
- Feed on various food just like the Sawtooth Grain Beetle.
Other less common beetles that infest our food products are Weevils which are identified by their snouts, such as Bean Weevils, and Rice Weevils. Another type of lesser known beetle is the Spider Beetle.
Dermestid Beetles and Moths
- Black Carpet Beetle
- Common Carpet Beetle
- Furniture Beetle
- Larger Cabinet Beetle
- Varied Carpet Beetle
- Case making Clothes Moths
- Webbing Clothes Moths
- Hide/Leather Beetle
- Khapra Beetle Larder Beetle
- Spider Beetle
- Fungus/Mold Beetle
- Warehouse Beetle
Magic Exterminating offers a diverse pest control program tailored made to your personal circumstance. It may be a home in which only the kitchen has a pest problem. In some other homes, the entire premises which needs the work to be done. Perhaps it is a Food Processing or Food Establishment, both of which only some registered products made be used. Our personnel are highly trained and certified by New York State to handle and use the right pesticides in such facilities. Perhaps it is a large warehouse that needs continuous monitoring and detail inspection report. Magic has a high detailed computer program designed for the pest control industry which can produce this kind of reporting.
Magic Exterminating has been around since the early 1960s and is diversified to handle private homes, food facilities, office environments, warehouse, to government sponsored programs. Contact us today for a free on-site estimate.